Category: About us Category
Published: 16 September 2011
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a young democratically independent island nation in the Western Pacific region (6 55 N, 158 15 E) and it is made up of 607 islands that extend 2,900 kilometers (1,700 miles) from east to west over approximately 2.5 million square kilometers of ocean but with a total land mass of only 702 square kilometers (271 square miles). There are volcanic islands surrounded by outer reefs and low lying sandy atolls. It has a tropical climate with temperatures ranged between lows in the upper 70s and highs in the 90s Fahrenheit. It has a relatively high rainfall at over 300 inches on Pohnpei and about 24 inches on Kapingamarangi annually, with occasional dry spells during El Niňo and periodical tropical storms.
The nation comprises of four major island states known as Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae with nine (9) ethno-linguistic groups scattered on across the various island groups. According to a 2000 census, it has a population of roughly 107,008 with a declining growth of less than 1% annually. Geographically, Chuuk is the second largest state, but with about 50% of the total population; Pohnpei the largest with about 32%of the total population, followed by Yap State with 11% and Kosrae State with 7%. Declining fertility and increasing outward migration are believed to be contributive factors to the declining growth rate in the FSM. The FSM has one of the youngest populations in the Pacific regions, with more than fifty percent (50%) within the ages of 0 to 21 years.
There are three (3) levels of government bodies in the FSM; municipals, states and national levels with three branches in all level: executive, legislative and judiciary, and the national congress members are duly elected by the people respectively. The Head of State (the President) and the Vice President are elected by the members of the national congress.
There are high unemployment rates in the nation and a 4% high school dropout rate been reported steadily the last four years. There is however, another growing population of graduated high school seniors not qualifying to enter the college and this group of young high school graduates appears to be growing dramatically in numbers during the past five years. Unfortunately, there has not been a specific report conducted on this growing group.
2006 FSM Census